A Teaching Tool for in-Classroom or Remote learning:
The American Chemical Society Handbook for Undergraduate Professional Education in Chemistry documents guidelines and evaluation procedures for bachelor degree programs. Specifically “The laboratory experience must include hands-on experience with modern instrumentation such as that listed in section 4.2.”  In addition, instruments from at least four of the following five categories must be on site and used by undergraduates:
  • optical molecular spectroscopy (e.g., FT-IR, fluorescence, Raman, UV-Vis)
  • optical atomic spectroscopy (e.g., atomic absorption, ICP-atomic
  • mass spectrometry (e.g., MS, GC-MS, LC-MS)
  • chromatography and separations (e.g., GC, GPC, HPLC, ion chromatography, capillary electrophoresis, SEC)
  • electrochemistry (e.g., potentiometry, amperometry, coulometry, voltammetry
Challenges in providing instrumentation for modern analytical chemistry courses and undergraduate laboratories include:
  • Instrument mobility, and Instrument accessibility and sharing
  • Individualized assignments and projects requiring unique instrument methodologies
  • Ease of use for both the operator and instructor
  • Operating cost (solvent consumption) and Environmental impact
  • Limited Bench Space
  • Set up and equilibration time.
  • Health and safety concerns with exposure to large solvent volumes and large groups of students gathering around instruments .
Miniaturization of an HPLC enables analytical determination at the point-of-need, whether within a conventional laboratory setting, within a processing facility, or classroom and Laboratory setting.  Additionally, it addresses many of the challenges listed above by providing a fully self-contained compact and portable HPLC with capillary flow rates. The Axcend focus LC would satisfy the ACS requirements for an HPLC while providing a cost effective chromatographic instrument.



The Axcend Focus LC® High-Performance Liquid Chromatography system (HPLC) delivers repeatable analyses of Caffeine in soda, coffee, or tea.  Click on the chromatogram below to learn more about the AFLC as a Teaching Tool.





Click below to download the PPT Deck from our Webinar detailing the advantages of the AFLC in the Classroom